Panel

panel

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Object Name: Panel
Place Made: Africa: North Africa, Morocco, El Jadida Province, Azemmour
Period: 18th century
Date: 1700 - 1799
Dimensions: L 97 cm x W 33 cm
Materials: Cotton; silk
Techniques: Plain woven; embroidered
ID Number: T85.0301
Credit: Gift of Dr. Harry Hardin

Azemmour embroideries are quite distinct from other types of Moroccan embroidery in technique and design. Their unusual pattern is achieved by dropping out stitches to create negative space. They were made chiefly by Jewish women who fled to Morocco from Spain in the 16th century among other refugees, both Jewish and Muslim, whose embroidery traditions – the bird and fountain motifs in particular – are reflective of their Mediterranean heritage. These long pieces (usually a minimum of 250 cm long when completed) were used to adorn the exposed sides of mattresses.