Shawl

shawl

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Type: Clothing - Garment
Object Name: Shawl
Place Made: Europe: Western Europe, Great Britain, Scotland, Paisley
Period: Mid to late 19th century
Date: 1860 - 1880
Dimensions: L 320 cm x W 162 cm
Materials: Wool; silk
Techniques: Jacquard
ID Number: T89.0099
Credit: Gift of Raymond J. Simpson

This shawl shows a French all-over pattern at its peak. The architectonic layout (influenced by oriental rugs) combines medallions and powerful vegetal elements arranged to create a three-dimensional effect – a composition introduced by Antony Berrus, a famous French designer of the mid-19th century. The huge scrolling volutes and curving sprouts cover almost a quarter of the surface. The details are the most intricate ever produced by the jacquard machine and the length of the shawls (about 3.5 m) is also at a maximum. The design appears somewhat mechanical, but this was considered acceptable given the growing fascination with machinery and its products.