|Type:||Yarn, Fabric and Fabric Finishing Material|
|Object Name:||Bark Cloth|
|Place Made:||Oceania: Pacific Islands, Melanesia, Papua New Guinea|
|Period:||Mid to late 20th century|
|Date:||1960 - 1980|
|Dimensions:||L 143.5 cm x W 83 cm|
|Credit:||Gift of Fran Vieira-Gascoigne|
In the tropics, where the climate is too hot or wet to produce wool, silk or cotton, people make cloth not by weaving it, but by pounding it from the bark of trees. Sheets of soft inner bark are pounded on wooden anvils to soften and expand them. Sometimes the sheets are joined together to make huge cloths used as carpets or ceremonial hangings. Smaller pieces are used as clothing. Bark-cloth is decorated by free-hand painting, by stencilling, or by rubbing it over carved, pattern blocks. Bark-cloth has been used around the equator since the dawn of history.